Physical Characteristics

Gains 4-5 pounds/year and grows 2-2.5 inches/year


Motor Development

Walks a straight line

Hops on one foot

Climbs ladders, playground equipment

Throws ball overhand

Paints and draws with purpose

Threads small wooden beads on a string


Cognitive Development

Names 18-20 uppercase letters

Understands the concepts of “tallest”, “biggest”, “same” and “more”

Able to count to 20 or more; based more on memorizing then understanding


Speech and Language Development

Uses the prepositions “on,” “in,” and “under”

Produces elaborate sentence structure

Correctly uses past tense of verbs


Personal-Social Development

Enjoys role playing and make-believe activities

Establishes close relationships with playmates; beginning to have “best” friends


Check with your child's pediatrician if by Five Years your child does NOT:

State own name in full

Recognize simple shapes: circle, square, triangle

Catch a large ball when bounced

Speech is understood by strangers

Have good control of posture and movement

Hop on one foot

Appear interested in, and responsive to, surroundings

Respond to statements without constantly asking to have them repeated

Dress self with minimal adult assistance; manage buttons, zippers

Take care of own toilet needs; have good bowel and bladder control with infrequent accidents

Did you answer yes to one or more of the developmental alerts?

  1. First and foremost, please contact your child's pediatrician. Your health care provider is your best resource if you have any questions or concerns.
  2. Secondly, would you like to speak with someone at Special Kids to learn more about how our services may benefit your child? Contact our Family Resources team to learn more.

*Developmental milestone survey adapted from Lynn Marotz and K. Eileen Allen's book Developmental Profiles: Pre-birth through Adolescence.