Physical Characteristics

Gains 6 pounds/year and grows 2.5 inches/year

Energy level comes and goes


Motor Development

Balances on either foot, runs up and down stairs, throws and catches smaller balls, practices hitting balls

Uses knife and fork appropriately, but inconsistently

Holds pencil in a tight grasp near the tip; rests head on forearm, lowers head almost to the table top when doing pencil and paper tasks

Produces letters and numbers in a deliberate and confident manner


Cognitive Development

Understands concepts of space and time

Gains a better understanding of cause and effect

Tells time by the clock and understands calendar time-days, months, years, seasons

Enjoys counting and saving money


Speech and Language Development

Uses adult-like sentence structure and language in conversation

Uses gestures to illustrate conversation

Verbal exaggeration is commonplace: “I ate ten hotdogs at the picnic”

Describes personal experiences in great detail


Personal-Social Development

Blames others for won mistakes

Worries about not being liked; feelings easily hurt


Check with your child's pediatrician if by Eight Years your child does NOT:

Attend to the task at hand; show longer periods of sitting quietly, listening, responding appropriately

Follow through on simple instructions

Go to school willingly most days

Make friends

Sleep soundly most nights

Seem to see and hear adequately

Handle stressful situations without undue emotional upset

Assume responsibility for personal care most of the time

Show improved motor skills

Did you answer yes to one or more of the developmental alerts?

  1. First and foremost, please contact your child's pediatrician. Your health care provider is your best resource if you have any questions or concerns.
  2. Secondly, would you like to speak with someone at Special Kids to learn more about how our services may benefit your child? Contact our Family Resources team to learn more.

*Developmental milestone survey adapted from Lynn Marotz and K. Eileen Allen's book Developmental Profiles: Pre-birth through Adolescence.